International Journal of Research in Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy https://rubatosis.org/journals/index.php/ijrhcp <p align="justify">Rubatosis Publication has launched its scientific journal named International Journal of Research in Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy <strong>(IJRHCP ISSN: 2582-0672)</strong> will be published quarterly per year in January, April, July, and October. The journal publishes original research work that contributes significantly to further the scientific knowledge in Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy.</p> Rubatosis Publications en-US International Journal of Research in Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy 2582-0672 Covid 19: Need of vaccine induced herd immunity in India https://rubatosis.org/journals/index.php/ijrhcp/article/view/260 <p>Introduction: Herd immunity is a traditional concept nothing but a form of indirect protection from contagious diseases. In a mass community, there is no need to be everyone immune. If a high proportion of members in the community are immune, spreading of the disease is reduced even to non-immunized patients. This study offers an overview of vaccine-induced herd immunity importance in this pandemic and how it will be achieved. Methodology: The data of basic reproduction number Ro values for COVID 19 of 10 weeks in India which were estimated by R<sub>o</sub> package in R software are extracted from a research article (reference no.4) and taken the mean Ro value due to fluctuations as well as to avoid great errors by using MS Excel. Herd immunity is calculated by using a standard equation stated as R=(1-P<sub>c</sub> )(1-P<sub>1</sub>)R<sub>o</sub> &nbsp;&nbsp;Results:&nbsp; The mean basic reproduction number Ro for COVID 19 in India was calculated as 1.671 by using MS excel and the herd 3 determines that only 40.16% proportion of individuals need to immunized through a vaccine to achieve herd immunity towards COVID 19 in India. Conclusion: This study estimates mean base reproduction Ro as 1.671 and Herd Immunity Threshold (HIT) as 40.16% by using past data. This study concludes that vaccine-induced herd immunity helps us by playing a key role to eliminate novel coronavirus.</p> D. Pragathi Dinesh Kumar Kukunuri Venkatesh Paturu Copyright (c) 2020 D. Pragathi, Dinesh Kumar Kukunuri, Venkatesh Paturu https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2020-12-19 2020-12-19 2 4 82 84 10.33974/ijrhcp.v2i4.260 Self medication pattern for dandruff treatment among pharmacy students https://rubatosis.org/journals/index.php/ijrhcp/article/view/137 <p>Dandruff is a common scalp disorder distressing almost half of inhabitants the at the pre-pubertal age and of any gender.No populace in any geographical region would have passed freely without being affected by dandruff in their life at some stage.Thinng out the skin and cause other side effects are caused by non prescription preparation (OTC),if used for a long period of time. To help keep dandruff under control, there are lots of OTC products available . To evaluate the prevalence of self medication pattern for dandruff treatment among students a 15 item web based questionnaire was developed and employed to collect data (validated by the institutional ethical committee) from pharmacy students at Ezhuthachan College of pharmaceutical sciences. The survey will gather demographic information and collect data on about the usage, type of antidandruff product,content included and side effect experienced etc.Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. 76% of the respondents had dandruff problem and among them, 67% experienced hair loss,53% had acne and 31% experienced itching and 11% experienced skin rashes due to dandruff problem. 41% of the respondents adopted self medication strategy .Out of them 45% used ketoconazole shampoo and most of them experienced hairloss due to the usage of shampoo. Prevalence of self-medication for dandruff problem was alarming high. It is necessary to educate the students for diagnosis and treatment of Dandruff problems. The relevant data obtained through this study will help know about the prevalace of the self medication pattern and to aware about future complications.</p> Aleena Roy Copyright (c) 2021 Aleena Roy et al., https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-03-30 2021-03-30 2 4 93 96 10.33974/ijrhcp.v2i4.137 A detailed study of methotrexate treatment in ectopic pregnancy https://rubatosis.org/journals/index.php/ijrhcp/article/view/252 <p>Methotrexate is a folic acid antagonist, it works by inhibiting the dihydrofolate by interfering with the DNA synthesis. Ectopic pregnancy is a life threatening condition that may cause maternal mortality. The main aim of this review to show the efficacy of systemic methotrexate and shows the importance of methotrexate treatment in management of ectopic pregnancy with surgical treatment and dosage regimen with protocol treatment. The selection criteria of candidates in this review is pregnant women with &lt;5000miu/ml, adrenal mass &lt;4cm, presence of peritoneum &lt;100mland no sign of cardiac activity. Data collections are made from most relevant article between the periods of 1987-2020. Ectopic pregnancy is an emergency condition if not timely diagnosed and most of the cases where identified in first trimester.</p> Alfiya R Sowparnika Treasa Sabu Shaiju S Dharan Copyright (c) 2020 Alfiya R, Sowparnika Treasa Sabu https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2020-12-07 2020-12-07 2 4 85 92 10.33974/ijrhcp.v2i4.252